In neutral geometry, the minimum distance between two points is the length of the line segment between them.
In analytic geometry, one can find the distance between two points of the xy-plane using the distance formula. The distance between (x1, y1) and (x2, y2) is given by
Similarly, given points (x1, y1, z1) and (x2, y2, z2) in three-space, the distance between them is
Which is easily proven by constructing a right triangle with a leg on the hypotenuse of another (with the other leg orthogonal to the plane that contains the 1st triangle) and applying the Pythagorean theorem.
In the study of complicated geometries, we call this (most common) type of distance Euclidean distance, as it is derived from the Pythagorean theorem, which does not hold in Non-Euclidean geometries. This distance formula can also be expanded into the arc-length formula.
In pseudo code the common distance formula is written like this:
In the Euclidean space R, the distance between two points is usually given by the Euclidean distance (2-norm distance). Other distances, based on other norms, are sometimes used instead.
For a point (x1, x2, ...,xn) and a point (y1, y2, ...,yn), the Minkowski distance of order p (p-norm distance) is defined as:
p need not be an integer, but it cannot be less than 1, because otherwise the triangle inequality does not hold.
The 2-norm distance is the Euclidean distance, a generalization of the Pythagorean theorem to more than two coordinates. It is what would be obtained if the distance between two points were measured with a ruler: the "intuitive" idea of distance.
The 1-norm distance is more colourfully called the taxicab norm or Manhattan distance, because it is the distance a car would drive in a city laid out in square blocks (if there are no one-way streets).
The infinity norm distance is also called Chebyshev distance. In 2D it represents the distance kings must travel between two squares on a chessboard.
The p-norm is rarely used for values of p other than 1, 2, and infinity, but see super ellipse.
In physical space the Euclidean distance is in a way the most natural one, because in this case the length of a rigid body does not change with rotation.
Distance in Euclidean space
In mathematics, in particular geometry, a distance function on a given set M is a function d: M×M → R, where R denotes the set of real numbers, that satisfies the following conditions:
Such a distance function is known as a metric. Together with the set, it makes up a metric space.
For example, the usual definition of distance between two real numbers x and y is: d(x,y) = |x − y|. This definition satisfies the three conditions above, and corresponds to the standard topology of the real line. But distance on a given set is a definitional choice. Another possible choice is to define: d(x,y) = 0 if x = y, and 1 otherwise. This also defines a metric, but gives a completely different topology, the "discrete topology"; with this definition numbers cannot be arbitrarily close.
d(x,y) ≥ 0, and d(x,y) = 0 if and only if x = y. (Distance is positive between two different points, and is zero precisely from a point to itself.)
It is symmetric: d(x,y) = d(y,x). (The distance between x and y is the same in either direction.)
It satisfies the triangle inequality: d(x,z) ≤ d(x,y) + d(y,z). (The distance between two points is the shortest distance along any path). General case
Various distance definitions are possible between objects. For example, between celestial bodies one should not confuse the surface-to-surface distance and the center-to-center distance. If the former is much less than the latter, as for a LEO, the first tends to be quoted (altitude), otherwise, e.g. for the Earth-Moon distance, the latter.
There are two common definitions for the distance between two non-empty subsets of a given set:
The distance between a point and a set is the infimum of the distances between the point and those in the set. This corresponds to the distance, according to the first-mentioned definition above of the distance between sets, from the set containing only this point to the other set.
In terms of this, the definition of the Hausdorff distance can be simplified: it is the larger of two values, one being the supremum, for a point ranging over one set, of the distance between the point and the set, and the other value being likewise defined but with the roles of the two sets swapped.
One version of distance between two non-empty sets is the infimum of the distances between any two of their respective points, which is the every-day meaning of the word. This is a symmetric prametric. On a collection of sets of which some touch or overlap each other, it is not "separating", because the distance between two different but touching or overlapping sets is zero. Also it is not hemimetric, i.e., the triangle inequality does not hold, except in special cases. Therefore only in special cases this distance makes a collection of sets a metric space.
The Hausdorff distance is the larger of two values, one being the supremum, for a point ranging over one set, of the infimum, for a second point ranging over the other set, of the distance between the points, and the other value being likewise defined but with the roles of the two sets swapped. This distance makes the set of non-empty compact subsets of a metric space itself a metric space. Distances between sets and between a point and a set
Distance cannot be negative. Distance is a scalar quantity, containing only a magnitude, whereas displacement is an equivalent vector quantity containing both magnitude and direction.
The distance covered by a vehicle (often recorded by an odometer), person, animal, object, etc. should be distinguished from the distance from starting point to end point, even if latter is taken to mean e.g. the shortest distance along the road, because a detour could be made, and the end point can even coincide with the starting point.
astronomical units of length
cosmic distance ladder
distance (graph theory)
Distance in military affairs
distance-based road exit numbers
Distance Measuring Equipment (DME)
orders of magnitude (length)
proxemics - physical distance between people
Thursday, December 6, 2007
Wednesday, December 5, 2007
For other places that have the same name, see Pyrgos (disambiguation).
Pyrgos (Greek: Πύργος) is the capital of the Prefecture of Ilia in Greece. It's named for a local tower. The city is located in the western part of the Peloponnese, in the middle of a plain in Ilia. It is 96km away from Patras via Greek National Road 9, 320 km from Athens, 144 km from Tripoli. It is bypassed by GR-9/E-55 or GR-74 (eastbound) to its east. The town of Katakolo lies 12 km to the west. Olympia is also nearby, as are Agios Georgios to the north and Lampeti (Lambeti) to the east. The Alfeios River is about 4 km to the south. The population of Pyrgos is 34,902 people. Television stations include Cosmos and ORT (Olympiaki Radiophonio Teleorassi, lit. Olympic Broadcasting Television).
Communities of the Municipality
Kokkinochoma, located in the northeastern portion of Pyrgos
Tragano Sporting teams
Giorgos Karagounis (b. March 6, 1977), a soccer player
Posted by qukjhmhnbfv07 at 7:23 AM
Tuesday, December 4, 2007
Larry Coryell (April 2, 1943-) is an American jazz guitarist.
He was born in Galveston, Texas, in 1943. After graduating from Richland High School in eastern Washington, he moved to Seattle to attend the University of Washington. In 1965, Coryell moved to New York City where he became part of Chico Hamilton's quintet, replacing Gabor Szabo. In 1967 and 1968, he recorded with Gary Burton and Jim Pepper. His music during the late 1960s and early 1970s combined the influences of rock, jazz and eastern music. He formed his own group, The Eleventh House, in 1973. Following the break-up of this band, Coryell played mainly acoustic guitar, but returned to electric guitar later in the 1980s. In 1979, Coryell formed "The Guitar Trio" with jazz fusion guitarist John McLaughlin, and flamenco guitarist Paco de Lucia and toured Europe briefly, eventually releasing a video recorded at Royal Albert Hall in London entitled "Meeting of Spirits". In early 1980 Larry was replaced by Al Di Meola, due to drug addiction.
With over 60 recordings under his belt, Larry continues to be a groundbreaking force in the guitar world. He currently lives in Kissimmee, Florida, and still continues to perform and write music. Larry's two sons, Julian Coryell and Murali Coryell are also actively involved in the music business.
Among others, he has performed with:
Paco de Lucia
Al Di Meola
Brian Q. Torff
The Head Shop
Alphonse Mouzon Selected discography
Bob Moses: Love Animal (1967-68)
Herbie Mann: Memphis Underground (1968, with Sonny Sharrock)
Barefoot Boy (1969)
Larry Coryell at the Village Gate (1971)
The Real Great Escape (1973)
Introducing Eleventh House (1974)
The Restful Mind (1975, with Ralph Towner, Glen Moore, Collin Walcott)
The Eleventh House - Aspects (1976)
Philip Catherine/Coryell: Twin House (1976)
Charles Mingus: Three or Four Shades of Blue (1977)
The Eleventh House at Montreux (1978)
Together (1985, with Emily Remler)
Private Concert (Live) (1999)
Traffic (with Lenny White and Victor Bailey, 2006)
Posted by qukjhmhnbfv07 at 8:17 AM
Monday, December 3, 2007
Alexandru Dobrogeanu-Gherea or Alexandru Gherea (rendered in Russian as Александр Доброджану-Геря or Доброжану-Гере - Aleksandr Dobrodzhanu-Gerya /Dobrozhanu-Gere; July 7, 1879, Ploieşti—1938, in the Soviet Union) was a Romanian communist militant and son of socialist, sociologist and literary critic Constantin Dobrogeanu-Gherea. He also used the pseudonyms of G. Alexe and Saşa/Sasha.
From 1932, he lived in the Soviet Union, working as a journalist and holding official positions in the Comintern. Gherea translated some of Vladimir Lenin's works into Romanian.
Together with the majority of Romanian communists inside the Soviet Union, after attracting Joseph Stalin's suspicion, he fell victim to the Great Purge: arrested in 1936, he was executed two years later.
In April 1968, Nicolae Ceauşescu's regime chose to investigate and exonerate most of the former Party members to have died in the period, Dobrogeanu-Gherea included. A similar measure had been taken inside the Soviet state in the previous decade, during Nikita Khrushchev's process of De-Stalinization.
Posted by qukjhmhnbfv07 at 9:17 AM
Sunday, December 2, 2007
Kellogg School of Management
The Kellogg School of Management (The Kellogg School or Kellogg) is a business school and one of eleven schools comprising Northwestern University located in Evanston, Illinois and downtown Chicago, Illinois. Kellogg offers full-time, part-time, and executive programs, as well as partnering with schools in China, India, Hong Kong, Israel, Germany, Canada, and Thailand, granting the M.B.A and Ph.D. Founded in 1908 in downtown Chicago as a part-time evening program, the school was chartered to educate business leaders with "good moral character." Kellogg has historically been ranked highly by BusinessWeek, U.S. News & World Report, The Economist Intelligence Unit, and other business news outlets. Alumni from the Kellogg school hold leadership positions in for-profit, nonprofit, governmental, and academic institutions around the world.
Kellogg offers Full-Time MBA, Executive MBA, and Part-Time MBA programs. The Kellogg School's Full-Time MBA programs include the traditional Two-Year MBA program (known as the 2Y Program); the accelerated One-Year MBA program (known as the 1Y Program); the Master of Management and Manufacturing (MMM) program, a joint program with Northwestern University's Robert R. McCormick School of Engineering and Applied Science; and the JD-MBA program, taught in conjunction with Northwestern University Law School.
The Part-Time MBA programs include the standard Evening MBA as well as the recently-created Saturday Part-Time MBA program, which is designed for students who travel during the week for work.
The Executive MBA program consistently ranks as one of the worlds top EMBA programs and is offered as a joint degree with the Schulich School of Business at York University which is ranked as the top business school in Canada (The Economist 2006, and also with theWHU-Otto Beisheim School of Management, one of the top ranked business schools in Germany. In addition to its highly-successful MBA programs, the school also offers a PhD program.
Regardless of which program they enroll in, the school's students are part of a culture that is famous for its emphasis on teamwork and leadership skills. Much of this reputation is driven by the School's operational model, which provides a plethora of opportunities for students to lead initiatives on behalf of the school. Many aspects of the school, from admissions decisions, to admitted students weekend, to orientation week, to the annual conferences and events that the school hosts, are organized and led by students.
Because student leadership is such an integral part of the school, Kellogg was the first business school in the world to insist that all applicants be interviewed to assess their leadership potential and suitability for the Kellogg School's cooperative environment. As a result, in addition to grades, GMAT scores, professional achievement, and demonstrated leadership, 'fit' is an important part of the admissions equation at Kellogg. Admitted students are expected to be high-achievers as well as team players, and to embrace the concept of 'co-opetition' (cooperation and competition). Kellogg graduates are reputed to be exceptional team leaders, and the school is particularly regarded for its spirited and collaborative culture that emphasizes business rigor and relevance, while also affording students a wide range of educational and social experiences designed to develop leadership and professional skill.
Students and culture
Some of the Kellogg School's most prominent scholars and professors, past and present, include:
Kellogg's research centers include:
All of Kellogg's professors perform both teaching and research. The school takes feedback from executives participating in Executive MBA and Part-time MBA programs into account in defining the curriculum of its Full-time MBA program. Most classes combine lectures on theory, discussion of case studies, as well as student group projects.
Philip Kotler,#4 management guru of all time as ranked by the Financial Times and renowned marketing scholar
Arthur Andersen, founder of the auditing firm bearing his name
Willard Eugene Hotchkiss, founding Dean of Kellogg who went on to act as founding Dean of Stanford University's Graduate School of Business
Bala Balachandran, one of the top management accountants alive, pioneered Activity Based Costing
Walter Scott, former Chairman of Diageo, CEO of Ameriprise Financial, CFO of the Pillsbury Company, and Associate Director for Economics and Government at the United States Office of Management and Budget
Mohan Sawhney, pioneer in the field of technology management, and one of the 25 most influential people in e-Business as ranked by Businessweek
Donald Jacobs, Dean Emeritus who led the school during its rise to national and international prominence from the 70s into the 90s.
Dipak C. Jain, current Dean and pioneer in quantitative marketing
Louis Stern, the inventor of channel strategy
Ravi Jagannathan, expert in asset pricing and investment management
Robert McDonald, author of Derivatives Markets, the textbook on derivatives taught at business schools around the world
Robert Korajczyk expert in asset pricing and investment management
Richard Sandor, the "father of financial futures" and the CEO and Chairman of the Chicago Climate Exchange
Donald Haider, expert on intergovernmental relations, and the only individual to be named both a Congressional Fellow and a White House Fellow
Steven Rogers, professor of entrepreneruship and winner of the Entrepreneur of the Year Award (supporter category) by Ernst and Young
Ranjay Gulati, one of the top 10 most cited scholars in Business over the last 10 years
Andris Zoltners, pioneer in sales force strategy and founder of ZS Associates, a global management consulting firm specializing in sales and marketing strategy
Lynn M. Martin, Chair of the Council for the Advancement of Women
Sergio Rebelo, pioneer in the field of international finance and exchange rate theory
Brian Uzzi, pioneer in social networking theory
Sunil Chopra, world-renowned expert in supply chain management
John Ward, expert in family-business issues, co-founder of the Family Business Consulting Group, author of several books on the subject, and winner of the Richard Beckhard Award for Distinguished Leadership in Family Business
Marvin Manheim, William A. Patterson Distinguished Professor of Transportation
The Accounting Research Center
The Center for Biotechnology
The Center for Business, Government and Society
The Center for Executive Women
The Center for Family Enterprises
The Center for Financial Institutions and Markets
The Center for Health Industry Market Economics
The Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics & Mathematical Science
The Center for Nonprofit Management
The Center for Operations & Supply Chain Management
The Center for Retail Management
The Center for Research on Strategic Alliances
The Center for Strategic Decision-Making
The Center for Research in Technology & Innovation
The Dispute Resolution Research Center
The Ford Motor Company Center for Global Citizenship
The General Motors Research Center for Strategy in Management
The Guthrie Center for Real Estate Research
The Heizer Center for Entrepreneurial Studies
The International Business Research Center
The Larry and Carol Levy Institute for Entrepreneurial Practice
The Kellogg Team & Group Research Center
The Zell Center for Risk Research. Research and academics
Kellogg has built a network of partner schools around the world to increase collaboration across regions, create a global dialogue on important management topics, and provide an integrated global network for executive education. Partner schools include:
Indian School of Business in Hyderabad, India (Kellogg co-founded the school)
School of Business and Management at The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology in Hong Kong, China
Guanghua School of Management at Peking University, Beijing, China
Recanati Graduate School of Management at Tel Aviv University in Israel
WHU-Otto Beisheim School of Management in Germany
Schulich School of Business at York University in Toronto, Canada
Sasin Graduate Institute of Business Administration of Chulalongkorn University in Thailand (Kellogg co-founded the school) Global partnerships
Kellogg has over 50,000 alumni. Prominent alumni include:
Peter G. Peterson, Founder and Chairman of Blackstone Group, one of the world's largest buyout firms
John Meriwether, Founder of Long-Term Capital Management, one of the world's most influential hedge funds
Robert L. Berner III, partner, CVC Capital Partners, a global private equity firm
T. Bondurant French, Founder and CEO of Adams Street Partners, one of the world's largest private equity fund-of-funds
Stephen G. Woodsum, Founder and Managing Partner of Summit Partners, one of the world's largest growth capital firms
David Kabiller, Founding Principal of AQR Capital Management, one of the world's largest hedge funds ($20 billion in assets)
Harry M. Jansen Kraemer, Jr., Executive Partner of Madison Dearborn Partners
Jack S. Levin, Senior Partner at Kirkland & Ellis, and author of Structuring Venture Capital, Private Equity, and Entrepreneurial Transactions and Mergers, Acquisitions, and Buyouts, textbooks that are taught at dozens of business schools and law schools Private Equity
Edwin G. Booz, founder of Booz Allen Hamilton consultancy
James L. Allen, founder of Booz Allen Hamilton consultancy, and namesake of the Kellogg School's executive education center
Arthur Andersen, Founder of the auditing firm bearing his name
Ken Danieli, Brand Strategist and Principal, Danieli Consulting, LLC, strategy & branding consultancy, Pepsi Stuff creator
Jack S. Levin, Senior Partner at Kirkland & Ellis, and author of Structuring Venture Capital, Private Equity, and Entrepreneurial Transactions and Mergers, Acquisitions, and Buyouts, textbooks that are taught at dozens of business schools and law schools
Edwin C. Gage III, Chairman and CEO of Gage Marketing Group, LLC
Kenneth R. Herlin, Partner at Ernst & Young LLP
Virginia A. Clarke, Director of Spencer Stuart
Robert C. Knuepfer, International Partner at Baker & McKenzie
Susan G. Rosenstein, President of Susan Rosenstein Executive Search Limited
Mark A. Shapiro, Principal of New England Consulting Group
Ben Perks, CFO of Navigant Consulting
Michael Tower, Managing Director North America at AT Kearney
John Livingston, Managing Director Chicago Office, McKinsey & Co
Michael D. Lyman, Executive Vice President and Chief Strategy Officer, Global Management Consulting, BearingPoint Professional Service
Jerome P. Kenney, Vice Chairman and Member, Executive Client Coverage Group of Merrill Lynch, one of the world's largest investment banks
Patrick Ryan, Founder and Executive Chairman of Aon Corporation, one of the world's largest insurance companies
Thomas J. Wilson, President and CEO of Allstate Insurance Company
Wayne E. Hedien, Chairman Emeritus of Allstate Insurance Company
Craig Donohue, CEO of Chicago Mercantile Exchange, one of the world's largest commodities and derivatives exchanges
Leland C. Brendsel, Chairman and CEO Emeritus of Freddie Mac
Andrew Duff, CEO of Piper Jaffray
Chris Peacock, CEO Emeritus of Jones Lang LaSalle, one of the world's leading real estate firms
Stephen W. Baird, President & CEO of Baird & Warner Inc.
Donald C. Clark, Chairman Emeritus of Household International
Alan J. Weber, Chairman & CEO Emeritus of U.S. Trust Corporation
William A. Osborn, Chairman and CEO of Northern Trust Corporation
Scott C. Evans, CFO of TIAA-CREF
Steven E. Buller, CFO of Blackrock
A. John Gambs, CFO Emeritus of Charles Schwab
Robert J. Simmons, CFO of E-Trade Financial
Martha Coolidge Boudos, CFO of Morningstar
Paul J. Krump, COO of Chubb Commercial Insurance
David P. Bolger, EVP, CFO and Chief Administrative Officer of Aon Corporation
Yung-Ku Ha, CEO of Citibank Korea Financial Services
Promod Haque, Managing Partner at Norwest Venture Partners and winner of Forbes magazine's Midas Award for venture capitalist of the year.
Stephen G. Woodsum, Founder and Managing Partner of Summit Partners
Matt McCall, Founder and Managing Partner of Draper Fisher Jurvetson / Portage Ventures
James O'Connor, Jr., Founder of Motorola Ventures
L. Scott Minick, Managing Director of ARCH Venture Partners
Scott Halstead, General Partner at Morgan Stanley Venture Partners
John Chapman, General Partner at Techno Venture Management
Tod H. Francis, General Partner of Shasta Ventures
David Mayer, General Partner at Thoma Cressey Equity Partners
Gordon Pan, General Partner at Baird Venture Partners
E. Scott Crist, Founder & Managing Director of Crist Ventures
Patrick Pollard, President and Managing Director of BlueStar Ventures LP
James Dugan, CEO and General Partner of OCA Ventures Venture Capital
Christopher Galvin, CEO and Chairman Emeritus of Motorola
Mark Randall Goldston, CEO of United Online
Jim Safka, CEO of Match.com
Andrew B. Parkinson, Founder of Peapod.com
Thomas L. Parkinson, Founder of Peapod.com
Kent J. Lindstrom, President & COO of Friendster
J. Scott Etzler, President & CEO of InterCall
Jim Rose, Chairman and CEO Emeritus of QXL.com
Jeffrey Jackson, CFO of Sabre Holdings, parent company of Travelocity and other online travel brands
Cedric Loiret-Bernal, President & CEO of NanoInk
Laurance A. Spear, Founder of Go2Call.com
Stephen Hafner, Founder and CEO of Kayak.com
C. David Moll, CEO of Webroot Software
Robert Wayman, CFO of Hewlett Packard
David W. Devonshire, CFO of Motorola
Robert P. Dotson, President & CEO, T-Mobile USA Technology
Walter Scott, former Chairman of Diageo, CEO of Ameriprise Financial, Inc., CFO of the Pillsbury Company, and Associate Director for Economics and Government at the United States Office of Management and Budget
Richard H. Lenny, Chairman, President, & CEO of The Hershey Company
Phil Marineau, CEO of Levi Strauss & Co.
Robert Eckert, CEO of Mattel
Raymond F. Farley, President and CEO Emeritus of S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc.
Douglas R. Conant, President and CEO of Campbell Soup Company
Robert H. Beeby, Retired CEO of Frito-Lay, Inc
William D. Smithburg, Retired Chairman and CEO of The Quaker Oats Company
Sheryl O'Loughlin, CEO of Clif Bar Inc.
Ronald C. Kesselman, President & CEO of Elmer's Products, Inc.
Kevin Kotecki, CEO of Pabst Brewing
Paul Tate, SVP & CFO of Frontier Airlines Consumer Goods
Gordon I. Segal, Founder & CEO of Otto Group's Crate & Barrel
Steve Odland, Chairman and CEO of Office Depot
Gregory P. Josefowicz, Chairman and CEO of Borders Group
Joseph M. DePinto, President and CEO of Seven-Eleven
Gregg Steinhafel, President of Target Corporation
Brad Blum, CEO Emeritus of Burger King
Dennis R. Farrow, COO of IHOP Corp.
Daniel M. Smith, President & CEO of Jillian's Entertainment Corp.
Selim Bassoul, Chairman and CEO of Middleby Corp
Thomas P. Cawley, CFO of Peet's Coffee & Tea, Inc.
Christine Lansing, CMO of Peet's Coffee & Tea, Inc.
Mark Berey, CFO of Giant Food
Lawerence F. Levy, Chairman of Levy Restaurants Health care and biotechnology
Sheraton Kalouria President, Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia Television
Theodore Peter Phillips, President and CEO of the Chicago Bears
Kenard Gibbs, President of Vibe Magazine
W.C. Korn, Former President and CEO of CBS Stations Group
Michael George, President and CEO of QVC
Scott C. Smith, President and Publisher of the Chicago Tribune
David Shaffer, CEO of Thomson Financial
Paul Johnson, President & Publisher of Kelley Blue Book
John J. Lewis, President and CEO of AC Nielsen USA
Linda Johnson Rice, President and CEO of Johnson Publishing
Philippe Blatter, CEO of Infront Sports & Media
Henry W. Adams, Founder & CEO of Sportvision
Bruce P. Boren, President and CEO of Televisa Networks
Robert Birge, Chief Marketing Officer of IMG Sports & Entertainment
Joseph M. Vrankin, CFO of the Arena Football League
James J. Palos, President of the Institute for Media and Entertainment
James M. Rose, CEO of Media Planning Group
Raymond L. Gellein, Chairman & Co-CEO, Starwood Vacation Ownership, Inc
David A. Donatelli, Executive Vice President, Storage Product Operations, EMC Corporation Media, entertainment, and information services
James Keyes, CEO Emeritus of Johnson Controls
Fred Kindle, President and CEO of the ABB Group, the world's largest engineering firm
J. Stephen Simon, President of ExxonMobil Refining & Supply Company
David Speer, President and CEO of Illinois Tool Works
Tadahiro Yoshida, President and CEO of YKK Corporation
John W. Seiple, Jr., President & COO of ProLogis
Pamela Forbes Lieberman, CEO Emeritus of TruServ Corporation
John J. Zillmer, Chairman and CEO of Allied Waste
Stephen R. Wilson, Chairman, President and CEO of CF Industries
Terrell K. Crews, CFO of Monsanto
Thomas E. Bergmann, CFO of Harley-Davidson
John H. Tate, CFO of Frontier Airlines
Jeffrey L. Keefer, CFO of DuPont
Andrew Fastow, former CFO, Enron
William G. Walter, Chairman of the Board, President and CEO of FMC Corporation Industry
John Hoeven, Governor of North Dakota 
Andrew Maner, CFO of the Department of Homeland Security
Somkid Jatusripitak, Minister of Finance of Thailand
Ali Babacan, Minister of State for the Economy of Turkey
Jye-Cherng "Joseph" Lyu, Minister of Finance of Taiwan
Anwar Ul-Haq Ahady, Minister of Finance of Afghanistan
Cesar Purisima, Secretary of Trade & Industry, Republic of the Philippines
Carole Brown, Chairperson of the Chicago Transit Authority Academia
Kellogg is consistently ranked among the top five business schools in the world. Recent historical rankings of the Kellogg School's MBA, Executive MBA, and Part-Time MBA in BusinessWeek, The Economist, Financial Times, Forbes, US News & World Report, and Wall Street Journal are:
Two of the Kellogg School's other executive MBA programs are also highly ranked by the Financial Times. The School's Kellogg-HKUST program at the Hong Kong UST Business School is ranked No. 2 in the world, while the school's Kellogg-WHU program at WHU Business School in Germany is ranked No. 12 in the world.
Posted by qukjhmhnbfv07 at 10:15 AM
Saturday, December 1, 2007
Microsoft Outlook or Outlook (full name Microsoft Office Outlook since Outlook 2003) is a personal information manager from Microsoft, and is part of the Microsoft Office suite.
Although often used mainly as an e-mail application, it also provides a calendar, task and contact management, note taking, a journal and web browsing.
It can be used as a stand-alone application, but can also operate in conjunction with Microsoft Exchange Server to provide enhanced functions for multiple users in an organization, such as shared mailboxes and calendars, public folders and meeting time allocation.
Outlook is an integrated application for email, calendaring, tasks, contacts and much more. However, it does not fully support other calendar programs for calendaring or contacts such as iCalendar, CalDAV, SyncML and vCard 3.0. Outlook 2007 claims to be fully iCalendar compliant, however it does not support all core objects, such as VTODO, VJOURNAL. Also, Outlook supports vCard 2.1 and does not support multiple contacts in the vCard format as a single file. Outlook has also been criticized for having proprietary "Outlook extensions" to these Internet standards. Also, for Outlook 2007, Microsoft has replaced the more standards-compliant Internet Explorer-based HTML editing/viewing engine with the one from Microsoft Office Word 2007. Outlook Express is being replaced by Windows Live Mail.
Outlook encourages top-posting by placing the cursor above the quoted text. A proponent of bottom-posting has created an application known as Outlook-QuoteFix to change this default to bottom-posting.
One of Microsoft's goals is for the e-mail client to be easy to use. However, the embedded automation and lack of security features compared to competitors have been repeatedly exploited by malicious hackers using e-mail viruses. These typically take the form of an e-mail attachment which executes on the user's machine and replicates itself by mass-mailing the user's or Exchange server's address list. Examples of such viruses are the Melissa and Sobig worms. Other programs have exploited Outlook's HTML e-mail capabilities to execute malicious code or confirm that e-mail addresses are valid targets for spam. The notoriety of the worms and other viruses has gained Outlook a reputation as a highly insecure e-mail platform.
Unix programmer Bill Joy has suggested that Outlook is insecure largely because it was written in C, making it easy to write programs to exploit it. He also believes the widespread use of Outlook is a major contributing factor in the proliferation of spam
Outlook 2007 was available in retail stores at the end of Jan 2007. A trial is available for download on Office Online:
A to-do bar added to the shell UI that shows a snapshot of the user's upcoming appointments and active tasks for better time and project management.
Improved calendar views that display the tasks due below each day on the week view and supports overlaying multiple calendars.
Integrated RSS aggregator
'Instant Search' through a context indexer based search engine with Windows Desktop Search
Enhanced integration with Microsoft Office SharePoint Portal Server
New programmability features 
Ability to publish calendars in Internet Calendar format to Microsoft Office Online or to a WebDAV server
Posted by qukjhmhnbfv07 at 11:00 AM